Findings on happiness in Ritter et al. (1999): study US 1998

Author(s)Ritter, M.A.; Austrom, M. G.; Zhou, H.
TitleCurrent Concepts Review: Retirement from Orthopaedic Surgery.
SourceThe Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1999, Vol. 81, 414 - 418
PublicRetired orthopaedic surgeons, United States, 1998
 Ss. Members of American Acadamy of Orthopaedic surgery.Five are women. 9% were semiretired: of the 708 surgeons 643 were fully retired, 65 were semiretired. Average age: 72.9. Age range 50 - 85 yrs.
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Survey questionnaire of retired orhtopaedic surgeons
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Non members of the Academy were excluded from the sample
Respondents N =1293
 5 women were selected, 3 responded
Non Response45%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
  The Academy sent out the Questionnaires
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Taking everything into account about what has happened in ther last year and what you expect in the near future, how do you feel about your life in general? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 equally satisfied as dissatisfied 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible - no feelings at all - never thought about it
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication414
Remarks1+2+3: 4%, 4: 6%, 5: 24%, 6: 34%, 7: 32%.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Better health now than before retirementH14aa02Change in physical health
Better relationship with spouse since retirementM03aa02bChange in satisfaction with marriage
Excellent health health at present timeH14ab02Self-perceived health
Increase in travel or vacation activity since retirementR14acActivities in retirement
Increase in travel or vacation activity since retirementL03aa02aChange in leisure activity-level, also classified as above ↑
Personal or family reasons for retirement as opposed to healthR14aeConditions of retirement
Personal or family reasons for retirement as opposed to healthR14aa01Pre-retirement conditions, also classified as above ↑