Findings on happiness in Virshub & Coombs (1993): study US Los Angeles County, California 1988

Author(s)Virshub, B.; Coombs, R.H.
TitlePhysicians' Adjustment to Retirement.
SourceThe Journal of Western Medicine, 1993, Vol. 158, 142 - 144
PublicRetired physicians, Los Angeles County, 198?
Survey nameUnnamed study
 60-item mailed questionnaire
SampleProbability simple random sample
 Random selection from retired section of the LA county association directory
Respondents N =161
 99 responded to full questionnaire, 62 responded to reminder with a shortened questionnaire
Non Response32.35%
AssesmentMultiple methods
 questionnaire (mail) + recorded interviews + shortened questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question .. happy .. (full text not reported) 4 wonderfull 3 happy 2 ok 1 unhappy
RemarksFull responses only (N=99) Late partial responders (N= 66) M = 2.80
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.81

Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
nonrespondentsI06ac01Non response, refusal