Findings on happiness in Webb (1915): study GB 1912 /1

Author(s)Webb, E.
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
Public12 aged, male school pupils, London, England, 1912
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Pupils of a few schools (average age 12).
Respondents N =140
Non Response-
AssesmentRating by experts
 Ratings by staff and trained peers. Additional projective tests
General remarksIn one of the correlation tables it appeared that the number of the variables did not correspond with the list of variables presented elsewhere. In most cases we were able to recover the correct numbering. Data gathering: Structured participant observation (by peers, teachers, doctors, captains of sports) and projective verbal techni- ques.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textTeacher rating on single question: 1 Personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. 2. In the columns under each pupil's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the - 'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited) +3 very high compared to average +2 distinctly above average +1 slightly above average 0 average -1 slightly below average -2 distinctly below average -3 lowest as compared to average
Author's labelGeneral tendency to be cheerful
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AngerP05aaAggressive, angry
AthleticsS12ab03Skilledness in sports
Desire to be liked by associatesP05ahApproval seeking
Desire to excelP05abAmbitious
Desire to impose own willL02ab01Leadership ambition
Desire to impose own willP05au01Need for dominance, also classified as above ↑
Eagerness for admirationP05ahApproval seeking
Fondness for companionship, as opposedto solitarinessS06ac01Concern about personal contacts
General excellence of characterP05bzMoral
InfluenceP05au02Dominant behavior
InfluenceL02ab02Taking leading roles, also classified as above ↑
IntelligenceI03ac07Verbal ability
Mental work bestowedupon pleasures (games, etc.)L03ac01Leisure activity level
Mental work bestowedupon usual studiesS01ac03Involvement in school-work
Not to abandon tasks from mere changeabilityP05chPersistent
Not to abandon tasks in the face of obstaclesP05chPersistent
Originality of ideasI03ab02Reputation of intelligence
PhysiqueH14ab01Expert rating of health
PhysiqueB03ac01Morphological characteristics, also classified as above ↑
Profoundness of apprehensionI03ab02Reputation of intelligence
Quickness of apprehensionI03ab02Reputation of intelligence
Readiness to show fear in the face of bodily dangerP05afAnxious
Soundness of common senseI03ab02Reputation of intelligence
Tendency to show kindnessP05bvKind