Findings on happiness in Keng & Wu (2014): study TW 1989

Publication
Author(s)Keng, S. H.; Wu, S.
TitleLiving Happily Ever After? The Effect of Taiwan's National Health Insurance on the Happiness of the Elderly.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 583 - 808
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9449-4
Investigation
PublicElderly, Taiwan, folowed 14 years 1989-2003, before and after change health insurance law in 1995
Collect period,
Last assesment2003
Survey nameNot available
 Survey on the Health and Living Status of the Middle-aged and Elderly (SHLS)
SampleProbability systematic sample
 The original 1989 cohort was representative for the nation. Subjects were re-interviewed in 1993,1996,1999 and 2003.
Respondents N =4049
 By the end of 2003 2133 subjects were deceased.
Non Response<10%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Panel study in 5 waves: T1: 1989, T2: 1993,T3: 1996, T4: 1999 and T5: 2003.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single questions: "Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?" I was happy 0 rarely or none of the time 1 some or a little of the time 2 occasionally or a moderate amount of time 3 most of the time Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale
ClassificationM-TH-cw-sq-v-4-a
Author's labelCES-D HAPPY
Page in publication787,794
RemarksAs assessed at T1 (1989)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean1.43
Standard deviation1.25


Full textSelfreport on single question: Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...? I enjoyed life... 0 rarely or none of the time 1 some or a little of the time 2 occasionally or a moderate amount of time 3 most of the time Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale. Score reversed.
ClassificationM-TH-cw-sq-v-4-b
Author's labelCES-D ENJLIFE
Page in publication787,794
RemarksAs assessed at T1 (1989)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean1.13
Standard deviation1.22


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Aloneshow  Living alone or not
Asthmashow  Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Diabetesshow  Diabetes (e10-14)
Drinkingshow  Use of alcohol
Educationshow  Years schooling
Heartshow  Ischaemic heart diseases (i20-25)
Houseshow  Specific possessions
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Mainlandshow  Foreign nationalities in nation
Marriedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
National Health Insurance in 1995show  Change in possessions
National Health Insurance in 1995show  Insurances, also classified as above ↑
National Health Insurance in 1995show  Social security in nation, also classified as above ↑
Nativeshow  Foreign nationalities in nation
Sexeshow  Sex (male vs female)
Smokingshow  Use of tobacco
Spousedieshow  Widowed
Stockshow  Specific possessions
Strokeshow  Stroke (i64)