Findings on happiness in Angel & Angel (1992): study US 1988

Author(s)Angel, Jacqueline L.; Angel, R.J.
TitleAge at Migration, Social Connections, and Well-Being among Elderly Hispanics.
SourceJournal of Aging and Health, 1992, Vol. 4, 480-499
DOIDOI: 10.1177/089826439200400402
Public65+aged, Hispanics, United States, 1988
 The target Hispanic sub-groups were Mexican-Americans, Puerto-Rican Americans and Cuban-Americans.
Collect periodAugust 1988
Last collect periodOctober 1988
Survey nameNational Survey of Hispanic Elderly 1988
 This survey, conducted as an extension of the NATIONAL SURVEY OF PROBLEMS FACING ELDERLY AMERICANS LIVING ALONE, 1986 (ICPSR 9379) (NSPFEALA), was designed to investigate specific problems of the elderly in order to gain a better understanding of the economic, health, and social status of this group. The survey focused on many of the same issues investigated by the NSPFEALA to allow comparisons between Hispanic elderly and the elderly population as a whole.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 85.404 households with high concentrations of Hispanics were screened to identify Hispanic households that contained persons 65 years and older. The identification of the household as Hispanic was based on self-reported ethnicity.
Respondents N =2019
 Mexican- American N= 937 Puerto- Rican American N= 368 Cuban- American N= 714
Non Response20%
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
 Respondents were given their choice of English or Spanish as the interview language.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Would you way that you are....? 4 very satisfied 3 somewhat satisfied 2 somewhat dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication486
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Hispanic ethnicityshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Household incomeshow  Household income
Life course stage at migrationshow  Migration at young age
Life course stage at migrationshow  Migration generation, also classified as above ↑
Missing incomeshow  Later source of income
Missing incomeshow  Negative/Zero income, also classified as above ↑
Missing incomeshow  Welfare, also classified as above ↑
Social activitiesshow  Current contacts with friends
Social activitiesshow  Participation in church, also classified as above ↑
Social activitiesshow  Socializing, also classified as above ↑