Findings on happiness in Chow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007

Author(s)Chow, H.P.
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
Survey nameUnnamed study
 The data for this analysis were gathered as part of a larger study exploring the health care needs among institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly Chinese immigrants and investigating the views of Chinese-Canadian on eldercare services and related issues in Calgary, Alberta.
SampleProbability simple random sample
 The study based on the use of a 50% random sample drawn from all the units in three seniors’ apartments located in the Calgary downtown area. These seniors’ residential complexes were occupied exclusively by individuals of Chinese origin. The Chinese residents were predominantly emigrants from Hong Kong and Mainland China.
Respondents N =127
 Males N: 27 Females N: 100
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews were conducted at immigrants' place of residence by trained, bilingual interviewers employing a structured questionnaire .These interviews were conducted in English or a Chinese dialect (e.g., Cantonese, Mandarin, or Taishanese) spoken by the participants. The average length of the interviews was 30 min, with a range from 20 min to nearly an hour.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: … satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported) 1 very dissatisfied 2 dissatisfied 3 neutral 4 satisfied 5 very satisfied
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in publication351
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in12345

Full textSelfreport on single question: I am happy most of the time 5 strongly agree 4 3 2 1 strongly disagree
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in publication352
RemarksThis question was part of a 5 item index.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 0On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.11

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Country of originshow  Earlier nationality (nation of origin)
Financial needshow  Sufficiency of current income
Length of residenceshow  Time since migration
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Medication useshow  Use of medicaments
Neighbourhood qualityshow  Satisfaction with amenities in vinicity
Perceived needs for servicesshow  Kind of social support received
Perceived needs for servicesshow  Perceived availability of social support, also classified as above ↑
Physical mobilityshow  Restrictions in moving
Psychological well-beingshow  Current worries
Psychological well-beingshow  Overall happiness and contentment, also classified as above ↑
Sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Social networkshow  Current contacts with friends
Social networkshow  Current family-network, also classified as above ↑
Total Variantsshow  Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Total Variantsshow  Socio-demographic + health + social ties, also classified as above ↑