Findings on happiness in McCullough et al. (2000): study US 1995

Author(s)McCullough, G.; Huebner, E.S.; Laughlin, J.E.
TitleLife Events, Self Concept, and Adolescents Positive Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePsychology in the Schools, 2000, Vol. 37, 281 - 290
DOIDOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6807(200005)37:3<281::AID-PITS8>3.0.CO;2-2
PublicHigh school students, USA 199?
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =92
 Students in grades 9 through 12. 45 males, 47 females. 9th graders: 29, 10th graders: 27, 11th graders: 26, 12th graders: 10. 90 Caucasian and 2 African American participants.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksYear of study not reported; estimated at 1995
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions: Lead item not reported. A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H excited I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Rated: 1: slightly/not at all . . 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Author's labelPositive and Negative Affect Scale
Page in publication285
RemarksAffect Balance: 12,71. Computed by WDH team.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation