Findings on happiness in Chang & Nayga Jr. (2010): study TW 2001

Author(s)Chang, H.H.; Nayga Jr., R.M.
TitleChildhood Obesity and Unhappiness: the Influence of Soft Drinks and Fast Food Consumption.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2010, Vol. 11, 261 - 275
PublicUnder 12 aged, children, Taiwan, 2001
 2-12 years old children
Collect period2001.08
Last collect period2002.01
Survey nameUnnamed study
 National Health Interview Survey at Taiwan (NHIS)
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =2366
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews with the mothers
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textRating by mother in response to single question: How often does your child feel unhappy, sad or depressed? 1 often 2 selden 3 never
RemarksDue to the low percentage of responses in the "often" category, arthors combined the first two categories into a single category to represent unhappiness. 1: unhappy 0: happy
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.40

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
DentistH17ab01Visits to doctor
Family incomeI01ab03Household income
Fast foodN15ab04What one eats
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health conditionH17ac06Heart disease
Health conditionH14ab05Hospitalization, also classified as above ↑
Health conditionH17ab02In hospital, also classified as above ↑
Household regional locationR01ab23Region in Taiwan
Long careH20acHousehold members
Soft drinkN15ab04What one eats
UrbanizationL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling