Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (1994c): study ZZ 1980

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleIs Happiness a Trait? Test of the Theory that a Better Society does not Make People any Happier.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1994, Vol. 32, 101 - 160
PublicAdults, general public, 30 nations, 1980
 India, Greece, White Russia, Portugal, Korea (South), Mexico, Italy, Philippines, Hungary, Spain, Japan, Germany (West), Switzerland, South Africa, Luxemburg, Singapore, Brazil, France, Finland, Norway, USA, Belgium, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, North Ireland, Britain, Australia, Canada, Ireland, Iceland.
 around 1980
Survey nameNot available
 Data on happiness drawn from this World Database of Happiness
SampleSelection from general population sample
 Non probality sample of nations, Probability samples within nations
Respondents N =30
 30 nations, about 30.000 respondents
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question Various items using the term happiness Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale Scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing Scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.70

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Educationshow  Public education in nation
Freedom of pressshow  Freedom of press in nation
Media attendenceshow  Media attendance in narion
Political democracyshow  Political democracy in nation
Real income per capitashow  Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Social securityshow  Social security in nation
Women's emancipationshow  Gender inequality (women emancipation) in nation