Findings on happiness in Blanchflower et al. (2013): study GB Wales 2007

Author(s)Blanchflower, D.G.; Oswald, A.J.; Stewart-Brown, S.
TitleIs Psychological Well-Being Linked to the Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 785 - 801
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0173-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Wales, UK, 2007-2010
Collect period2007
Last collect period2010
Survey nameWelsh Health Survey
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =49972
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Interview ( face-to-face) and Questionnaire (paper)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you felt happy? 5 all the time 4 most of the time 3 sometimes 2 rarely 1 never - don't know - don't remember Part of 9 item ODIN Affect Balance Scale (A-AB/cm/mq/v/5/..)
Page in publication799
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.91

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
BMIshow  Body Mass Index (BMI)
Educationshow  Current education
Fruit and vegetable consumptionshow  What one eats
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Household locationshow  Region in UK
Limited by a health problem/disabilityshow  Restrictions in moving
Number of days doing vigorous exerciseshow  Active involvement in sports
Occupationshow  Current employment status
Occupationshow  Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Occupationshow  Involved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
Smokingshow  Use of tobacco