Findings on happiness in Veenhoven & Verkuyten (1989): study NL 1986

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.; Verkuyten, M.
TitleThe Well-Being of Only Children.
SourceAdolescence, 1989, Vol. 24, 155 - 166
PublicSecondary school pupils, The Netherlands, 1986
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability simple random sample
 Data were gathered of 40 secondary schools in the Netherlands, all types represented proportionally, and selected in all regions of the country. Classes within the school were chosen at random, from which 2,511 students completed a questionnaire. Ages were between 13 and 17 years; 54% boys and 46% girls.
Respondents N =2511
 The number of only children in the sample was 280
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication161
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelmood level
Error estimatesCronbach alpha = .71
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
only childrenshow  Only child