Findings on happiness in Goldberg et al. (1979): study US 1971

Author(s)Goldberg, E.L.; Comstock, G.W.; Hornstra, R.K.
TitleDepressed Mood and Subsequent Physical Illness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, Vol. 136, 530 - 534
Public18+ aged, died within 1-4 years and matched controls, USA, 1971-76
 White residents of two communities: (Kassas City and Washington County)
Last assesment1973
 T1: Kansas 1971, Washington 1973 T2: Kansas 1972, Washington 1974 Lenght of follow-up after T2 not reported. Since this paper was submitted in 1977 that was probably up to 1976
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability systematic sample
 Cases are Ss deceased after T1 Control group selected from same commutity samples and matched for age, sexe, education, income, employment status, location and lenght of follow-up interval
Respondents N =164
Non Response24%
 T1: Kansas 28%, Washington 20% T2: Kansas 24%, Washington 29%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 At T1 and T2
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelGurin HappinessI
Page in publication230/234
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelbradburn Happiness
Page in publication230/234
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelCantril Ladder Present
Page in publication230/234
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Diedshow  Longevity (assessed in follow up)