Findings on happiness in Arnold et al. (2006): study NL 2001

Publication
Author(s)Arnold, R.; DeJongste, M.J.; KoŽter, G.H.; Ranchor, A.V.
TitleChanges in Personal Control as a Predictor of Quality of Life after Pulmonary Rehabilitation.
SourcePatient Educational and Counseling, 2006, Vol. 61, 99 - 108
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.pec.2005.02.015
Investigation
PublicCOPD patients, before and after 20 week rehabilitation programme, Netherlands, 2001-2002
Last assesment2002
 T1: January 2001, T2: April 2002. Average interval 20 weeks
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 criteria for selection: - diagnosis - aged between 40-80 year - forced expriratory volume (FEV) less than 70% of the predictor value - fluent in Dutch language - free from other pulmonary disease - free from other serious non-pulmonary disease - free from psychiatric problems in the previous year
Respondents N =65
 N=65 in rehabillatation group, N=47 in control group
Non Response21
 At T1: 21 % (rehabilitation), 37 % reference group Drop-out after T1: 27% (rehabilitation)
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Patients filled questionnaires at the beginning (T1) and at the end (T2) of the program. The length of the programme varied, with the average duration being 20 weeks ( SD=11.2)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
ClassificationC-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's labelChanges in personal control
Page in publication99-108
RemarksT1 experimental group: M = 5,3, SD = 1,4. Control group: M = 6,1, SD = 1,6
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean5.305.30
Standard deviation1.401.40


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Change happiness over 20 weeksshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Masteryshow  Change in control orientation
Masteryshow  Earlier inner-control, also classified as above ↑
Physical functioningshow  Earlier physical health
Physical functioningshow  Later physical health, also classified as above ↑
Psychological functioningshow  Earlier mental health
Psychological functioningshow  Later mental health, also classified as above ↑
Psychological functioningshow  Specific restrictions, also classified as above ↑
Pulmonary rehabilitation programshow  Actual changes in happiness
Pulmonary rehabilitation programshow  Chronic lower respiratory diseases (j40-45), also classified as above ↑
Pulmonary rehabilitation programshow  COPD, also classified as above ↑
Pulmonary rehabilitation programshow  Intensive care, also classified as above ↑
Pulmonary rehabilitation programshow  Intensive guidance, also classified as above ↑
Pulmonary rehabilitation programshow  Rehabilitation, also classified as above ↑
Self efficacy: control symptomsshow  Change in control orientation
Self efficacy: control symptomsshow  Earlier inner-control, also classified as above ↑
Self efficacy: control symptomsshow  Perceived control over illness, also classified as above ↑
Self efficacy: maintain functionshow  Change in control orientation
Self efficacy: maintain functionshow  Earlier inner-control, also classified as above ↑
Self efficacy: maintain functionshow  Perceived control over illness, also classified as above ↑
Social functioningshow  Earlier physical health
Social functioningshow  Later physical health, also classified as above ↑
Social functioningshow  Specific restrictions, also classified as above ↑