Findings on happiness in Hicks et al. (2004): study US 1997

Author(s)Hicks, L.S.; Ayanian, J.Z.; Cleary, P.D.; Epstein, A.M.
TitleDifferences in Health-Related Quality of Life and Treatment Preferences among Black and white Patiens with End-Stage Final Disease.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 1129 - 1137
Public18-54 aged, dialysed patients, USA,1997
 1997-1998 Approximately 10 months after starting dialysing for end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 - Patients selected by networks in 4 geographical areas - post-stratified by race and sex - Each participant was offered a stipend for the interview
Respondents N =1392
Non Response17,1%
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 5 questions: During the past month, how much of the time did you feel: A very nervous B so down in the dumps that nothing could cheer you up C calm and peaceful D downhearted and blue E happy Response options: 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Summation: (A+B+D)-(C+E)
Author's labelEmotional well-being
Page in publication1130
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
EthnicityE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Preference for transplantationH12adAttitudes to health-maintenance
Preference for transplantationH17ai01Attitudes to organ-transplantation, also classified as above ↑
Preference for transplantationH17af08baWant for organ transplantation, also classified as above ↑
Very certain of preference for transplantationH12adAttitudes to health-maintenance
Very certain of preference for transplantationH17ai01bAttitudes to organ-reception, also classified as above ↑
Very certain of preference for transplantationH14ad14aRenal failure (n17-19), also classified as above ↑