Findings on happiness in Hanrahan (2005): study MX 2005

Author(s)Hanrahan, S.J.
TitleUsing Psychological Skills Training from Sport Psychoogy to Enhance the Life Satisfaction of Adolescent Mexican Orphans.
SourceAthletic Insight, 2005, Vol. 7, 1 - 7
Public15-20 aged, before and after training, Mexico, 2005
 Adolescent students of an orphan's home, studying tourism,computers, childcare, electronics or accounting.
Collect period1
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =26
 34 participants, those who attended less than 5 sessions (n=4) or failed to complete the post-test (n = 4) were omitted from analyses
Non Response8
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Completed at first and last session of 3 week program.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on four questions: Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. A In most ways my life is close to ideal B The conditions of my life are excellent C I am satisfied with my life D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Answers rated: 5 strongly agree 4 slightly agree 3 neither agree nor disagree 2 slightly disagree 1 strongly disagree Computation:(A+B+C+D)/4 Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) (In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
Author's labelSatisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
Page in publication4
Remarks4-item SWLS computed by WDH team, using dataset provided by the author.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.85

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Three weeks daily program, improving psychological skillsshow  Actual changes in happiness
Three weeks daily program, improving psychological skillsshow  Change in competences, also classified as above ↑
Three weeks daily program, improving psychological skillsshow  Course, class, training group, also classified as above ↑
Three weeks daily program, improving psychological skillsshow  Empowerment, also classified as above ↑