Findings on happiness in Cantril (1965): study CU 1960

Author(s)Cantril, H.
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
Collect period4-5
Survey nameCantril World Survey
SampleProbability area sample
 Probability area sample of urban areas (487 Ss from Havana).
Respondents N =992
Non Response-
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured inderview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication128, 366
RemarksData taken from graph on page 128. Books reports average of 6.4 on page 184. 9% low, 43% medium, 45% high.
DKNA %0.5
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.322.32

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Community sizeshow  Community size
Community sizeshow  Region in Cuba, also classified as above ↑
Educational levelshow  Level of school-education
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Positive evaluation of present national situationshow  Evaluation of current situation of nation
Raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Socio-economic levelshow  Current socio-economic status
Urban dwellingshow  Rural vs urban dwelling