Findings on happiness in Zullig et al. (2005): study US SouthCarolina 2005

Author(s)Zullig, K.J.; Drane, J.W.; Huebner, E.S.; Valois, R.F.
TitleAdolescent Health-Related Quality of Life and Perceived Satisfaction with Life.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1573 - 1584
Public13-18 aged high school students, public high schools grades 9-12, South Carolina, USA, 200?
Collect period3-6
 Year of data gathgering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability systematic sample
 -white females 1317 (26,8%) -black females 1270 (25,8%) -white males 1284 (26,1%) -black males 1043 (21,2%)
Respondents N =4914
Non Response7.86%
 6,2% responses that could not read, out of range responses and exclused race as 'other' than black or white . 1,7% failure to answer any variable of interest.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: I would describe my satisfaction with my overall life as.. 1 terrible 2 unhappy 3 mostly dissatisfied 4 mixed ( equally satisfied and dissatisfied) 5 mostly satisfied 6 pleased 7 delighted Item in Huebner's BMSLSS 'Multidimensional Student Life satisfaction Scale'
Author's labelsatisfaction with life
Page in publication11
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Activivity limitation daysshow  Degree of restriction
Poor mental health daysshow  Self ratings of mental health
Poor physical health daysshow  Days ill
Race and gendershow  Ethnic status in the USA
Race and gendershow  Sex (male vs female), also classified as above ↑
Self-rated healthshow  Self-perceived health