Findings on happiness in TerBogt et al. (2003): study NL 2001

Author(s)TerBogt, T.; VanDorsselaer, S.; Vollebergh, W.A.
TitlePsychische Gezondheid, Risicogedrag en Welbevinden van Nederlandse Scholieren. ( Psychlogical Health, Risk Behavior and Well-Being of Dutch Adolescents).
SourceResearch Report Trimbos Institute, University of Utrecht, 2003, Utrecht, Netherlands
Public11-15 aged schoolchildren, the Netherlands, 2001
Collect period9-12
Survey nameNot available
 International Health Behavior in School Children Survey (HBSC)
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Data were weighted for population characteristics. Primary schools: gender, urbanization level. Secondary schools: gender, urbanization level, schooltype, class. In the first step schools were selected from a sample of schools stratified according to the level of urbanization of their municipalities. In the second step a class was selected for the primary schools from group 8 (highest class) For the secondary schools from all classes in the first 4 learning years at random one class was drawn per year. Included were 71 primary schools from the initial 124 with a total of 75 classes. In 65 % of the classes all pupils were present. Of the initial 146, 66 secondary schools were included. In 35,6 % of the classes all pupils were present.
Respondents N =7556
 Primary school children: N=1826. The average school had 223 pupils Secondary school children = 5730.The average school had 942 pupils
Non ResponseNot available
 Non response: Primary schools 41,1 % (53) with an average of 243 pupils. (t = -834, p>.05). In 35 % of the classes a total of 35 pupils (2,4%) were absent, mostly because they were ill. Non-response Secondary schools 55% (80): with an average of 1212 pupils. (t = 2,350, df = 128, p= .020) In 65,4 % of the classes a total of 259 pupils (5,3%) were absent, mostly because they were ill.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class In addition to the HBSC questionnaire, the Youth self report was added: a list to register problem behaviour among children. In the version of the primary schools no questions were asked about sexuality and use of cannabis. An instruction was added for the teacher and an absence list.
General remarksSee also CURRI 2004 and BRADS 2006
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelWelbevinden (Well-being)
Page in publication36,44
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.591.59

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
AllochtoneE04ab03lEthnic status in the Netherlands
Body ImageS02ad03Evaluation of aspects of self
Body ImageB03ac01cWeight, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Psychosomatic complaintsH15abCurrent psycho-somatic complaints
School levelS01ad02School-type
School typeS01ad02School-type
Self perceived healthH14ab02Self-perceived health