Findings on happiness in Gross et al. (1997): study US 1992

Author(s)Gross, J.J.; Carstensen, L.L.; Tsai, J.L.
TitleEmotion and Aging: Experience, Expression, and Control.
SourcePsychology and Ageing, 1997, Vol. 12, 590 - 599
PublicNuns, USA, 199?
 24 to 101 aged Catholic nuns, living in cloisters in mid-western USA.The entire community participated
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =1080
Non Response31%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Do you feel the following emotions…. Happy 4 often feel happy 3 sometimes feel happy 2 seldom feel happy 1 never feel happy
Author's labelexperience
Page in publication595
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Perceived control of affective experienceshow  Impulsive (vs self controlled)
Perceived control of affective experienceshow  Inner locus of control, also classified as above ↑