Findings on happiness in Tyssen et al. (2009): study NO 1993

Author(s)Tyssen, R.; Gude, T.; Hem, E.
TitleLower Life Satisfaction in Physicians Compared with a General Population Sample: A 10-year Longitudinal, Nationwide Study of Course and Predictors.
SourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2009, Vol. 44, 47 - 54
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00127-008-0403-4
PublicPhysicians followed 9 years after graduating, Norway, 1993-2002
  All 631 students graduating in 1993 and 1994 from all medical schools in Norway, Average age 28 years. Comparison group: selected subsamples of a health survey in Norway fom 1995 to1997
Last assesment2003
 631 students graduating in 1993 and 1994 followed in final term of medical school (T1), after first postgraduate year (T2), and after 4th (T3) and 9th (T4) post graduate year
Survey nameUnnamed study
 follow-up among Norwegian physicians graduated in 1993 and 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Comparison group consisted of 2 selected subsamples of the Huntstudy with university education more than 4 years, average age resp. 31 and 37 years
Respondents N =631
 Response at graduating n = 522 (83%), at first year after, n = 390 (62%); at 4 th year n = 423 (67%); at 9th year n = 390 (62%)
Non ResponseResp. 17% , 38% at 1 year, 33% at 4 years, 38 % at 9 years.
 Only 260 responded at all four observation times
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Sent after graduating, one year after, 4 years after and 9 years after.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering your life at the moment, would you say that you are by and large satisfied with life or are you mostly dissatisfied 7 very much satisfied 6 very satisfied 5 quite satisfied 4 so-so 3 quite dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 very much dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction level
Page in publication50
RemarksAs assessed at T3 and T4 (4 and 9 years after graduation)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Being a physianO01ab02Kind of occupation (profession)
Consciousness traitP05aoConscientious
Extraversion traitP05azExtraverted
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Neuroticism traitN11ab24Neuroticism in nation
Step of careerO01aa03History of current occupation
Step of careerH04ab01bPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), also classified as above ↑