Findings on happiness in Gilman & Handwerk (2001): study US 1996

Author(s)Gilman, R.; Handwerk, M.L.
TitleChanges in Life Satisfaction as a Function of Stay in a Residential Setting.
SourceResidential Treatment for Children & Youth, 2001, Vol. 18, 47 - 65
DOIDOI: 10.1300/J007v18n04_05
Public11-14 aged in residential treatment followed 4 months, USA, 1996
 Students aged between 11-14 years old in Father Flanagan's Boys' Home. Sample consisted of males and females, of Caucasian, African-American and Hispanic ethnicity.
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Adapted from the Multidimensional Student's Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS) (Huebner, 1994). Wording of MSLSS was changed to address the living status of the children.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =22
 -15 males and 7 females - 13 Caucasian, 5 African-American, 4 Hispanic - 15 8th graders, 3 7th graders, 4 6th graders - 71% came from households with income levels ranged between $15,000 to $540,000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 The directions were first read aloud prior to completion of the survey. The participants were then allowed to complete the survey at their own pace, with supervisors present to respond to questions as necessary.
General remarksYear unreported, assumed to be 1996.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: I would describe my satisfaction with my overall life as.. 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 satisfied Item in Huebner's BMSLSS 'Multidimensional Student Life satisfaction Scale' adjusted version
Author's labelGlobal life satisfaction
Page in publication54
RemarksM and SD reported for the same sample for two different time periods.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Residential treatmentshow  Actual changes in happiness
Residential treatmentshow  Intensive guidance, also classified as above ↑
Residential treatmentshow  Living in a children's home, also classified as above ↑