Findings on happiness in Ibrahim & Chung (2003): study SG 2000

Author(s)Ibrahim, M.F.; Chung, S.W.
TitleQuality of Life of Residents Living Near Industrial Estates in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 203 - 225
Public16+ aged, residents of flats, Jurong quarter, Singapore, 2000
Collect period11-12
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability cluster sample
 Singapore citizens or permanent residents of Jurong West Planning Area located near to industrial areas. Residents of Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats
Respondents N =300
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on two questions: A At this present moment, how do you feel about your life as a whole? 1 terrible (very dissatisfied) 2 unhappy (dissatisfied) 3 neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 4 pleased (satisfied) 5 delighted (very satisfied) B Taking all the above into consideration, on an ascending scale from 1-5, how satisfied are you with your life at present? Question A asked at the beginning of the interview and question B at the end. Summation: (A+B)/2
Author's labelOverall Life Satisfaction
Page in publication210
RemarksOverall Life Satisfaction scores average value between intuitive and rationale response. Intuitive response: response at the beginning of the interview: M=3,67; SD=0,62 Rationale response: response at the end of the interview: M= 3,71; SD=0,63
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.60

Scores in12345

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Household sizeH20ab03Number of persons in household
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital statusM02aa03Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa02Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab02aVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
OccupationO01abCurrent occupation
RaceE04ab03nEthnic status in Singapore
ReligionR12acCurrent religious denomination