Findings on happiness in Currie et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2001

Author(s)Currie, C.; Barnekow Rasmussen, V.; Morgan, A.; Rasch, J.; Roberts, C.; Samdal, O.; Settertobulte, W.; Smith, R.
TitleYoung People's Health in Context, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study: International Report from the 2001/2002 Survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents No.4
SourceWHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2004.
Public11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 33 countries and regions, 2001
 Austria, Belgium( Flanders and Walllonia) , Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England , Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Scotland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, TFYR Macedonia, Ukraine, US,Wales The following regions were included: Belgium (Flanders), Belgium (Wallonia), Scotland, Wales, England, Greenland
 2001, 2002
Survey nameNot available
 International Health Behaviour in School Children study (HBSC) .
SampleProbability cluster sample
 In each country HBSC used cluster survey techniques to select 1500 young people at each of the 3 stages 11, 13, and 15. Consistent procedures are followed to ensure the comparability of survey methods and data processing techniques
Respondents N =162306
 N per country : Austria 4472, Belgium(Fl) 6289, Belgium (Fr) 4323, Canada 4361, Croatia 4397, Czech Republic 5012, Denmark 4672, England 6081, Estonia 3979, Finland 5388, France 8185, Germany 5650, Greece 3807, Greenland 891, Hungary 4164, Ireland 2875, Israel 5661, Italy 4386, Latvia 3481, Lithuania 5645, Malta 1980, Netherlands 4269, Norway 5023, Poland 6383, Portugal 2940, Russia 8037, Scotland 4404, Slovenia 3956, Spain 5827, Sweden 3926, Switzerland 4679, TFYR Macedonia 4161, Ukraine 4090, US 5025, Wales 3887
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Specially trained personnel, teachers and school nurses administered the completion of questionnaires in school classrooms.
General remarksSee also TERBO 2002 and BRADS 2006
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. The top of the ladder '10' represents the best possible life for you and the bottom '0' is the worst possible life for you. In general , where on the ladder do you feel you stand at the moment? Tick the box next to the number that best describes where you stand 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication57, 229
RemarksA score of 6 or more was defined as a positive level of life satisfaction. Percentage scoring 6 or more = 80,8 Full distribution of responses not reported
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Academic achievementS01ac02School-success
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Being bulliedV06ab03Victim of bullying
BullyingA05ab02Aggressive behavior
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Liking schoolS01afAttitudes to school
Peer supportS10ab01Amount of current support received
Peer supportS01afAttitudes to school, also classified as above ↑
Peer supportP10ab02Perceived popularity , also classified as above ↑
School experienceS01afAttitudes to school
School pressureS01af03Perceived pressure of school-work