Findings on happiness in Zhang & Yang (2009): study US 2009

Author(s)Zhang, J.; Yang, Y.
TitleMeasuring Subjective Well-Being: A Comparison of China and the USA.
SourceAsian Journal of Social Psychology, 2009,, Vol. 12, 221 - 225
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2009.01287.x
PublicUniteristy students, USA, 2009
 US students from a private university, in Los Angelos,
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =394
 - age: M=20.6 SD=2.79 - gender: 18.8 men; 81.2 women - ethnic breakdown: 46% Caucasian, 24% Asian, 11% Hispanic, 6%African-American, 8% mixed ehtnicity, 4% other.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksYear unreported, assumed to be 2009
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 very much Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
RemarksThe reliability of the PA sub-scale: 0.81 The reliability of the NA sub-scale: 0.83 PA: M=3.32 SD=0.78 NA: M=2.11 SD=0.67
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.73