Findings on happiness in Lelkes (2002): study HU 1992

Author(s)Lelkes, O.
TitleTasting Freedom: Happiness, Religion and Economic Transition.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2006, Vol. 59, 173 - 194
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1992-1998
 The study looks at the public before and after regime change from socialism to capitalism in Hungary.
Last assesment1998
 1: Before transition (1992) 2: After transition (1998)
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Uses two nationally representative household surveys.
SampleSampling not reported
 Representive household surveys
Respondents N =9167
 1992: 5365 observations 1998: 3802
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentNot available
 Not reported.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: How satisfied are you with your life so far, the course of your life? 0 not satisfied at all 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 fully satisfied
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication179
RemarksPooled data 1992 and 1998. M: 1992: 5,74 1998: 5,51
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age groupA04abCurrent age (in years)
Budapest dummyR01ab11Region in Hugary
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusE02aeCurrent employment arrangement
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Gypsy ethnicityE04ab03Ethnic status in specific nations
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Number of childrenC03aa01Ever had children (vs not)
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children, also classified as above ↑
Religious involvementR12ab01Religious (vs not)