Findings on happiness in Cheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2001

Author(s)Cheng, H.; Furnham, A.
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
PublicStudents. London, UK, 2001
 15-35 years old and attended various schools and colleges, based in London area. Final year school pupils in the South East of England and first year undergraduate students test with 2 weeks of arriving at university.
 year unreported, assumed to be 2001
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =234
 - age: M=18.23 years, SD=3.41 - gender: 75 male, 159 female
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelGurin Scale (Happy)
Page in publication926.927
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.54

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelBradburn Affect Balance (ABS)
Page in publication925.927
Remarkstest-retest reliability of 0.76 across a 3-day interval for the scale Positive Affect Scale M=0.83 Negative Affect Scale M=0.81
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.971.97

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect Balance Scaleshow  O-HL by A-AB
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)show  Depressive (f31-33)
Extraversionshow  Extraverted
Father employedshow  Employment of parents
Father employedshow  Marriage of parents, also classified as above ↑
Lie scaleshow  Agreeing, yea-saying
Lie scaleshow  Honest, also classified as above ↑
Lie scaleshow  Response tendencies, also classified as above ↑
Male/femaleshow  Sex (male vs female)
Mother employedshow  Capacities of parents
Mother employedshow  Unemployment of parents, also classified as above ↑
Mother employedshow  Working mother, also classified as above ↑
Neuroticismshow  Neurotic
Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI)show  Life-adjustment inventories
Parental divorceshow  Marriage of parents
Parental divorceshow  Number of parents (broken home), also classified as above ↑
Psychoticismshow  Psychotic
Relation with friendsshow  Attitudes to friendship
Relationship with parentsshow  Relations with parents
Romanceshow  Current love-life
The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES)show  Life-adjustment inventories