Findings on happiness in Tsai (2009): study ZZ World samples 1990

Author(s)Tsai, M.C.
TitleMarket Openness, Transition Economies and Subjective Wellbeing.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 523 - 539
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-008-9107-4
Public18+ aged, 76 countries, 1990s
Last assesment1999
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 1-3
 Averages taken from the World Database of Happiness.
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =80000
 Estimated based on information in the paper.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication527
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.800.89

Full textSelfreport on single question: Are you happy or unhappy? 1 unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 happy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication527
RemarksOriginally on a 4 step scale, transformed to range 1-10.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.151.28

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Average tariffshow  Openness of economy in nation
Black market premiumshow  Informal economy, black market in nation
Change in openness dummyshow  Openness of economy in nation
Eastern Europe dummyshow  Geographic location
Export marketing boardshow  Openness of economy in nation
Export marketing boardshow  State control of economy in nation, also classified as above ↑
GDP growth rateshow  Change GDP in nation: economic growth/decline
GNI per capitashow  Gnp per capita (raw)
Inflationshow  Inflation in nation
Latin America dummyshow  Geographic location
Militarism indexshow  Defense-spending
Opennessshow  Economic freedom in nation
Opennessshow  Openness of economy in nation, also classified as above ↑
Years of opennessshow  Openness of economy in nation