Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (1999a): study ZZ 1992

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleQuality-of-Life in Individualistic Society. A Comparison of 43 Nations in the Early 1990's.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 157 - 186
PublicAdults, general public, 43 nations, early 1990's
 Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Czecho-Slovakia (former), Denmark, Finland, France, Germany (former West-), Germany (former East-), Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Northern Ireland, New Zealand, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, USA.
 Early 1990's
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =50000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksThe same article was also published in: De Jong, M.J.; Zijderveld, A.C.; Eds.: "The Gift of Society.", Enzo Press, 1997, Nijkerk, Netherlands. ISBN 90 74 670 08 3; and presented at the International Congress of Sociologyin Montreal 1998. Data: World Values Survey 2
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Capability to choose (positive freedom)N02ab03bMedia attendance in narion
Economic libertyN14ab01cEconomic freedom in nation
Economic libertyN04ab11Socio-economic regime in the nation, also classified as above ↑
Individualism (Triandis)N14ab04cIndividualization in nation
LiteracyN02ab02aLiteracy in nation
Newspaper circulationN02ab03bMedia attendance in narion
Opportunity to choose (negative freedom)N14ab01Freedom in nations
Personal freedomN14ab01aPrivate freedom in nations
Political and civil rightsN12NATION: POLITICS
Political and civil rightsN14ab01bPolitical freedom in nation, also classified as above ↑
School-enrolment ratioN02ab02aLiteracy in nation
School-enrolment ratioN04ab11cbPublic education in nation, also classified as above ↑
Television receiversN02ab03bMedia attendance in narion
Value: Affective autonomyN02ab06Value climate in the nation
Value: ConservatismN02ab06Value climate in the nation
Value: Individualism (versus collectivism)N02ab06dIndividualistic values in nation
Value: Intellectual autonomyN02ab06Value climate in the nation
Value: Power distanceN02ab06Value climate in the nation