Findings on happiness in Rode (2013): study ZZ World samples 1995

Author(s)Rode, M.
TitleDo Good Institutions Make Citizens Happy, or Do Happy Citizens Build Better Institutions?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2013, vol. 14, 1479 - 1505
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-012-9391-x
Public18+ years, general public, 87 countries, 1995-2005
Last assesment2005
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 1994-2008
 Waves 3, 4, and 5 of the World Values Survey
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Probability samples within nations, non-probability sample of nations.
Respondents N =180000
 N is approximated.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication1483
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.051.17

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Democracyshow  Political democracy in nation
Divorce rateshow  Divorce rate in nation
Economic freedomshow  Economic freedom in nation
Economic freedomshow  Quality of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Economic freedomshow  Size of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Freedom to tradeshow  Economic freedom in nation
Importance of Godshow  Belief in god
Legal system and property rightsshow  NATION: JUSTICE
Legal system and property rightsshow  Quality of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Log GDP per capitashow  Average income in nation
Regulationshow  Economic freedom in nation
Size of governmentshow  Economic freedom in nation
Size of governmentshow  Size of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Social trustshow  Trust in fellow-man in nation
Social trustshow  Trust in people, also classified as above ↑
Sound moneyshow  Inflation in nation
Summed effect of all correlatesshow  Summed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)
Unemployment rateshow  Unemployment in nation