Findings on happiness in VanderMeer & Wielers (2013): study ZZ Europe 2004

Publication
Author(s)VanderMeer, P.H.; Wielers, R.
TitleWhat Makes Workers Happy?
SourceApplied Economics, 2013, Vol. 45, 357 - 368
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
DOIDOI:10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
Investigation
PublicWorking people, 20 European countries, 2004.
 The sample is restricted to persons being in paid work, working at least 10 hours per week, aged between 25 and 60, and had no missings on the most relevant variables, i.e. life satisfaction, happiness, hours of work and education.
Survey nameEU-ESS 2: 2004
 European social survey round two dataset, 2014.
SampleProbability simple random sample
 Sample is respresentative of all persons aged 15 and over resident within private households in each country, regardless of their nationality, citizenship or language.
Respondents N =11986
Non ResponseNot reported
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd
Author's labelsatisfaction
Page in publication361
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean5.51
Standard deviation1.70


Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are? 10 extremely happy 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 extremely unhappy B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.? 10 extremely satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 extermely dissatisfied Summation: (A+B)/2
ClassificationO-Sum---mq-n-11-b
Author's labelHappyfaction
Page in publication361
RemarksThis measure is called happyfaction, is the average of satisfaction and happiness.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean5.36
Standard deviation1.69


Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are? 0 extremely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely happy - don't know - no answer
ClassificationO-HL-u-sq-n-11-a
Author's labelhappiness
Page in publication363
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean5.21
Standard deviation1.95


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Autonomyshow  Self-direction at work
Child presentshow  Children in the household
Developmentshow  Opportunity for personal development
Easily replaced in jobshow  Perceived chances for employment
Educationshow  Current education
Equalityshow  Egalitarian values
Firmsizeshow  Size of work organization
Healthshow  Self-perceived health
Irregular hoursshow  Irregular work hours
ln(income)show  Current income level (unspecified)
ln(workhours)show  Hours work
Marital situationshow  Married vs never married
Missing incomeshow  Non response, refusal
Number of colleaguesshow  Current work-conditions
Similar job elsewhereshow  Security of job
Subjective incomeshow  Attitudes to own income
Supervisorshow  Supervisory tasks
Temporary jobshow  Tenure (vs flex contracts)
Time to workshow  Work hours
Trustshow  Trust in people
turn down jobshow  Current satisfaction with work
Work pressureshow  Time-pressure at work