Findings on happiness in Lam et al. (1998): study HK 1995

Author(s)Lam, C.L.; Chan, M.S.; Gandek, B.; Ren, X.S.
TitleTests of Scaling Assumptions and Construct Validity of the Chinese (HK) Version of the SF - 36 Health Survey.
SourceJournal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1998, Vol. 51, 1139 - 1147
Public14+aged patients and students, Hong Kong 1996
Collect period12
 December 1995 to February 1996.
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Two convenience samples of Chinese people aged more than 14 years were used. The first sample was drawn from one of every 3 patients attending a governement-funded family medicine clinic in Hong Kong. The second sample were university students randomly sampled from different faculties of the university of Hong Kong.
Respondents N =236
 185 clinic patients and 51 university students
Non Response0%
 Non-response not reported
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 In Cantonese language
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person? 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
Author's labelBeen a happy person
Page in publication1142
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.41

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Bodily painH14ab03dPain
General HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Health TransitionH14aa02Change in physical health
Mental HealthH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories
Physical FunctioningH14ac02eRestrictions to physical functioning
Role Emotional (Limitations due to emotional health problems)W06ab01Actual work-performance
Role Emotional (Limitations due to emotional health problems)H14acCurrent functional health, also classified as above ↑
Role physical (Limitations due to physical health problems)W06ab01Actual work-performance
Role physical (Limitations due to physical health problems)H02ab01cPhysical handicap, also classified as above ↑
Role physical (Limitations due to physical health problems)H14ac02eRestrictions to physical functioning, also classified as above ↑
Social FunctioningH14ac02dRestrictions to social functioning
VitalityM15ac06Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)