Findings on happiness in Pitkälä et al. (2004): study FI 1989

Author(s)Pitkälä, K.H.; Laakkonen, M.L.; Strandberg, T.E.
TitlePositive Life Orientation as a Predictor of 10-Year Outcome in an Aged Population.
SourceJournal of Clinical Epidemiolgy, 2004, Vol. 57, 409 - 414
Public75-85 aged, Helsinki, Finland followed 1989-1999, ( T1 1989, T2 1994, T3 1999)
 T1 1989, T2 1994, T3 1999
Survey nameNot available
 Helsinki Aging Study
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Random samples of persons aged 75, 80 and 85
Respondents N =491
Non Response18%
 Non-response at T1 24,6%. Incomplete responses (6,6%) left out
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Also postal questionnaire and clininal examination.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: I am satisfied with my life today 0 no 1 don't know 2 yes Item in Munsh Happiness inventory
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in12

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Mortalityshow  Longevity (assessed in follow up)
Moved to institutional careshow  Later institutional living