Findings on happiness in Heinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997

Author(s)Heinonen, H.; Aalto, A.M.; Aro, A.R.; Uutela, A.
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
Survey nameNot available
 Finnrisk-97 health survey
SampleProbability stratified sample
 stratified by age and gender
Respondents N =3838
Non Response36%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 The FR-97 study was conducted in two phases. In the first fase the participants filled up the basic health questionaire and participated in comprehensive clinical test for cardiovascular disease risks(response rate 71%) In the second phase 60% of the participants were randomly selected to participate in the psychosocial part of the study
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How would you estimate your quality of life as a whole during the last 4 weeks? | 0 | | | | | | 100 Rated on 15 cm vertical open line
Author's labelGlobal Quality of Life
Page in publication9
RemarksThe question was on the last page of the 15 page questionaire, which may explain the high procent no answers
DKNA %2.9
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 100On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation18.461.85

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Activities of daily livingH14ac01Degree of restriction
Availability of social suportS10abCurrent social support received
DepressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
Explained varianceS15ab18Socio-demographic + health + life appraisals + personality
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Non RespondenteI06ac01Non response, refusal
Number of diseasesH14ab02cNumber of health complaints
Perceived healthH14abCurrent general health status
Perceived physical healthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Satisfaction with familyF02ag02Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with life achievementsH07aa03Overall happiness and contentment
Satisfaction with life achievementsL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
State AnxietyP05afAnxious
State AnxietyM15ac11Feeling secure (vs threatened), also classified as above ↑