Findings on happiness in Baruch & Barnett (1986a): study US 1980

Author(s)Baruch, G.K.; Barnett, R.C.
TitleConsequences of Fathers' Participation in Family Work: Parents' Role Strain and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 51, 983 - 992
PublicMothers with children age 4-10, USA,1980
 160 mothers of kindergarten or fourth grade children
 Fall 1980- Spring 1981
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Subjects were drawn from the roster of families whose children attended public school in the greater Boston area. The sample was stratified so that at each grade level half of the children were boys and half girls; within each of the four groups thus formed half had employed mothers, defined as working at least 17,5 hours per week for at least 3 months prior to being interviewed for this study. Non employed mothers were defined as working less than 8 hours per week. Letters were send by the school to the families. Interested parents provided the project with their telephone numbers and were contacted in order of random by phone. Only Middle class families were included (fathers occupation Class III or above on the Hollingheads Scale)
Respondents N =160
Non Response60%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Also mailed questionnaire, weekchart. Parents jointly used a chart to indicate 5 typical week days and for 2 typical weekend days the hours during which the target child and each parent were home and awake; they then indicated the nature of the child- parent interaction that typically occured during each of those hours.
General remarksStudy also reported in BARNE 1987
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 satisfied 5 mostly satisfied 4 satisfied/dissatisfied 3 dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in publication987
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Child-care tasks performed by fatherC06ab04Division of child care
Fathers participation in family workH21ab02Division of household-work
Fathers participation in family workR15ab03aFamily roles, also classified as above ↑
Fathers participation in family workH21ab02aShared household-tasks, also classified as above ↑
Fathers participation in family workS15abSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), also classified as above ↑
Fathers' interaction time with childrenC06ab04Division of child care
Feminine chores performed by fatherH21ab02aShared household-tasks
Mother's work statusE02abCurrent employment status
Mother's work statusE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Mother's work statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Mother's work statusE02af01Part-time working of house-wives, also classified as above ↑