Findings on happiness in Barnett & Baruch (1987): study US 1980

Author(s)Barnett, R.C.; Baruch, G.K.
TitleMothers' Participation in Childcare: Patterns and Consequences.
SourceCrosby, F.J.; Ed.: "Spouse, Parent, Worker", Yale University Press, 1987, New Haven, USA, 91 - 108
PublicParents with children 4-10, USA, 1980
 320 parents of kindergarten or fourth grade children
 Fall 1980- Spring 1981
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Subjects were drawn from the roster of families whose children attended public school in the greater Boston area. The sample was stratified so that at each grade level half of the children were boys and half girls; within each of the four groups thus formed half had employed mothers, defined as working at least 17,5 hours per week for at least 3 months prior to being interviewed for this study. Non employed mothers were defined as working less than 8 hours per week. Letters were send by the school to the families. Interested parents provided the project with their telephone numbers and were contacted in order of random by phone. Only Middle class families were included (fathers occupation Class III or above on the Hollingheads Scale)
Respondents N =320
Non Response60 %
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Also mailed questionnaire, weekchart. Parents jointly used a chart to indicate 5 typical week days and for 2 typical weekend days the hours during which the target child and each parent were home and awake; they then indicated the nature of the child- parent interaction that typically occured during each of those hours.Each parent was interviewed in a separate room by a same sex interviewer
General remarksStudy also reported in BARUC 1986
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 satisfied 5 mostly satisfied 4 satisfied/dissatisfied 3 dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in publication99
RemarksHappiness of mothers: M = 5,52
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Child-care tasks performed by motherC06ab04Division of child care
Mother's employment statusE02ab01Full-time home maker
Mother's employment statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Mother's employment statusE02af01Part-time working of house-wives, also classified as above ↑
Mothers proportional interaction time with childrenC06ab04Division of child care
Mothers total interaction time with childrenC06ab03Time spend with children