Findings on happiness in Ferreira et al. (2013): study ZZ Europe 2002

Author(s)Ferreira, S.; Akay, A.; Brereton, F.J.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceEcological Economics, 2013, Vol. 88, 1-10
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
Last assesment2007
Survey nameEU-ESS 1-3: 2002-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Pooled samples
Respondents N =81326
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Page in publicationtable 2
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.17

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Born in contryshow  Ever migrated or not
Childrenshow  Living with children
Citizen in countryshow  Foreign nationalities in nation
Climateshow  Climate
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Employment statusshow  Current employment status
Employment statusshow  Current status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Involved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Unfit for work, also classified as above ↑
GDP per capitashow  GDP in region
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Health statusshow  Current general health status
Household sizeshow  Family composition (earlier for adults, current for young)
Incomeshow  Household income
Marital statusshow  Married vs never married
Marital statusshow  Never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Vs separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Population densityshow  Population density in region
Religiosityshow  Current religious beliefs
Religiosityshow  Religion in nation, also classified as above ↑
Size of settlementshow  Community size
Size of settlementshow  Rural vs urban dwelling, also classified as above ↑
Size of settlementshow  Sub-urban vs urban, also classified as above ↑
SO2 air pollutionshow  Environmental quality
Unemployment rateshow  Unemployment in region