Findings on happiness in Mollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000

Author(s)Mollenkopf, H.; Kaspar, R.; Marcellini, F.; Ruoppila, I.
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
 Elderly in Finland - born in 1940 or before - living in private household - middle sized cities - rural areas (on basis of typical population density in the country in question)
Survey nameMOBILATE
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =610
 Urban N=309, Rural N=301
Non Response45%
 42% in rural areas; 48 % in urban areas
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksDetails about measurement taken from Mollenkopf, H.; Flaschenträger, P.; Erhaltung von Mobilität im Alter, Verlag W. Kohhammer, Stuttgart; Berlin; Köln, 2001, Schriftenreihe des Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend, Band 197. ISBN:3-17-07144-5
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelSubjective Quality of Life
Page in publication24
RemarksFinland: M=8,45
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Activities of daily livingH14ac01Degree of restriction
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
Apartment/house ownershipH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
Car in householdP12ab02eaCar
Cultural amenitiesL12ab04acCultural facilities in vinicity
Cultural amenitiesL10abCurrent local cultural conditions, also classified as above ↑
Diversity social networkI07ac03Size of intimate network
Friends/kin nearbyI07adCurrent chances for intimacy
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Household typeH20ab01Living alone or not
Housing amenitiesH22ab03Quality of current dwelling
Income per personI01ab03Household income
Income per personI01ab01Personal income, also classified as above ↑
Medical servicesL12ab04ahHealth care in vinicity
Natural environmentL13ab04Local nature
Satisfaction with domains ol lifeL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Satisfaction with financesI01af05Satisfaction with income\finances
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with housingH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with leisure possibilitiesL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Satisfaction with leisure possibilitiesL12ac02acSatisfaction with local recreation, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with living areaL16ac03Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with mobilityL12ac02aSatisfaction with amenities in vinicity
Satisfaction with public transportationL12ac02ahSatisfaction with local transport
Satisfaction with servicesL12ac02aSatisfaction with amenities in vinicity
Security at nightL17ac03Perceived safety in vinicity
Services and shopsL12ab04arShops in vinicity
UrbanizationL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling