Findings on happiness in Gurin et al. (1960): study US 1957

Author(s)Gurin, G.; Feld, S.; Veroff, J.
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Collect periodspring
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multi-stage area sample. 1077 males, 1383 females; people living in private households only; tran- sients and all individuals in hospitals, prisons or other institutions were excluded.
Respondents N =2460
Non Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview at home
General remarksGammas concerning a number of variables are computed by us on the basis of data not presented in the book but in a 'Tabular Supplement' (available at the authors on request). Same study also reported in VEROF 1980.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.631.65

Scores in123

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Being a wife of a skilled workershow  Social status of spouse
Broken home background (death)show  Number of parents (broken home)
Broken home background (separation)show  Number of parents (broken home)
Catholic religionshow  Current religious denomination
Church attendanceshow  Participation in church
Community sizeshow  Community size
Educational levelshow  Level of school-education
Expected future happinessshow  In the long run
Extent of worriesshow  Amount of worrying
Family sizeshow  Children in the household
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Marital happinessshow  Satisfaction with marriage
Married vs divorcedshow  Married vs divorced
Married vs never marriedshow  Married vs never married
Married vs widowedshow  Married vs widowed
Never married vs divorcedshow  Vs divorced
Never married vs widowedshow  Vs widowed
Number of sources of happiness mentionedshow  Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Number of sources of unhappiness mentionedshow  Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Occupationshow  Current occupation
Perceived sources ofhappinessshow  Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Perceived sources ofunhappinessshow  Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Readiness for self- referralshow  Readiness to seek professional care
Region in USAshow  Region in USA
Skilled workersshow  Skill level of occupation
Widowedshow  Vs divorced
Wife of skilled workershow  Social status of spouse