Findings on happiness in Lewis et al. (2000a): study GB 1998

Author(s)Lewis, C.A.; Burkinshaw, S.; Maltby, J.
TitleReligion and Happiness: Still no Association.
SourceJournal of Beliefs and Values, 2000, Vol. 21, 233 - 236
PublicAnglican priest and church members, North England, 1998
 Priests aged 41- 65, members 43- 67.
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =134
 64 priest, 70 members
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 25 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt sad B I felt I had failed as a person C I felt dissatisfied with my life D I felt mentally alert E I felt disappointed with myself F I felt cheerful G I felt life wasn't worth living H I felt satisfied with my life I I felt healthy J I felt life crying K I felt I had been successful L I felt happy M I felt I couldn't make decisions N I felt unattractive O I felt optimistic about the future P I felt life was rewording Q I felt cheerless R I felt life has a purpose S I felt too tired to do anything T I felt pleased with the way I am U I felt lethargic V I found it easy to make decisions W I felt life was enjoyable X I felt life was meaningless Y I felt run down Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y. Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W. Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39 Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
Author's labelDepression- Happiness Scale
Page in publication1
RemarksPriests: M = 49,3, SD = 4,90, Alpha = .82 Members: M = 45,8, SD = 4,50, Alpha = .84
Error estimatesCronbach alpha= .83
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 75On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation4.69

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Attitude toward Christianityshow  Current religious beliefs
position in churchshow  Current occupation
position in churchshow  Participation in church, also classified as above ↑