Findings on happiness in Mollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000

Author(s)Mollenkopf, H.; Baas, S.; Marcellini, F.; Oswald, F.
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European countries, 2000
 Elderly in Finland, Netherlands, Germany (East and West), Hungary, Italy, born in 1940 or before - living in private household - middle sized cities - rural areas (on basis of typical population density in the country in question)
Collect period1-8
Survey nameMOBILATE
SampleProbability stratified sample
 disproportionally stratified by age, gender, region, living area
Respondents N =3950
 Finland: Urban N=309, Rural N=301; Netherlands: Urban: 302, Rural N=314; Germany West: Urban N=368, Rural N=383; Germany East: Urban N=389, Rural N=379; Hungary: Urban N=305, Rural N= 300; Italy: Urban N= 300, Rural N=300
Non Response45%
 42% in rural areas; 48 % in urban areas
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksDetails about measurement taken from Mollenkopf, H.; Flaschenträger, P.; Erhaltung von Mobilität im Alter, Verlag W. Kohhammer, Stuttgart; Berlin; Köln, 2001, Schriftenreihe des Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend, Band 197. ISBN:3-17-07144-5
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on 21 questions: A Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied B Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few weeks: a nervous b distressed c afraid d jittery e irritable f upset g scared h exiled i ashamed j guilty k hostile l active m determined n inspired o enthusiastic p alert q attentive r proud s strong t interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS
Author's labelQuality of Life
Page in publication279,284
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Current age (in years)show  Current age (in years)
External control beliefsshow  Inner locus of control
Outdoor mobilityshow  Current travel behavior
Outdoor mobilityshow  Place of leisure (indoor vs outdoor), also classified as above ↑
Outdoor mobilityshow  Vacationing, also classified as above ↑
Outdoor motivationshow  Leisure aspirations
Physical mobilityshow  Current functional health
Residential areashow  Attitudes to local environment
SESshow  Current socio-economic status
Sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Urban (vs rural)show  Rural vs urban dwelling
Variety of social networkshow  Characteristics of intimate-network
Visionshow  Restrictions in seeing
Visumotoric coordinationshow  Restrictions in seeing