Findings on happiness in Mollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000

Author(s)Mollenkopf, H.; Baas, S.; Marcellini, F.; Oswald, F.
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European countries, 2000
 Elderly in Finland, Netherlands, Germany (East and West), Hungary, Italy, born in 1940 or before - living in private household - middle sized cities - rural areas (on basis of typical population density in the country in question)
Collect period1-8
Survey nameMOBILATE
SampleProbability stratified sample
 disproportionally stratified by age, gender, region, living area
Respondents N =3950
 Finland: Urban N=309, Rural N=301; Netherlands: Urban: 302, Rural N=314; Germany West: Urban N=368, Rural N=383; Germany East: Urban N=389, Rural N=379; Hungary: Urban N=305, Rural N= 300; Italy: Urban N= 300, Rural N=300
Non Response45%
 42% in rural areas; 48 % in urban areas
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksDetails about measurement taken from Mollenkopf, H.; Flaschenträger, P.; Erhaltung von Mobilität im Alter, Verlag W. Kohhammer, Stuttgart; Berlin; Köln, 2001, Schriftenreihe des Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend, Band 197. ISBN:3-17-07144-5
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on 21 questions: A Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied B Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few weeks: a nervous b distressed c afraid d jittery e irritable f upset g scared h exiled i ashamed j guilty k hostile l active m determined n inspired o enthusiastic p alert q attentive r proud s strong t interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS
Author's labelQuality of Life
Page in publication279,284
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Current age (in years)A04abCurrent age (in years)
External control beliefsP05bpInner locus of control
Outdoor mobilityT03abCurrent travel behavior
Outdoor mobilityL03ac03Place of leisure (indoor vs outdoor), also classified as above ↑
Outdoor mobilityA02ac14Vacationing, also classified as above ↑
Outdoor motivationL03ad02Leisure aspirations
Physical mobilityH14acCurrent functional health
Residential areaL16acAttitudes to local environment
SESS09abCurrent socio-economic status
SexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Urban (vs rural)L13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Variety of social networkI07acCharacteristics of intimate-network
VisionH14ac02cRestrictions in seeing
Visumotoric coordinationH14ac02cRestrictions in seeing