Findings on happiness in Snyder & Spreitzer (1974): study US Ohio 1973

Publication
Author(s)Snyder, E.E.; Spreitzer, E.
TitleInvolvement in Sports and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1974, Vol. 5, 28 - 39
Investigation
PublicAdults, general public, City of Toledo, Ohio, USA, 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Systematic random sample, using the City Directory of Toledo. 25% suburbans, 75% urbans; 49% females, 51% males; mean age 42; mean number of years of completed education 13.
Respondents N =510
Non Response46%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-u-sq-v-3-a
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.105.60
Standard deviation

Scores in123
%13.062.025.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
ClassificationO-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.105.60
Standard deviation

Scores in123
%12.066.022.0

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affective involve ment in sportsshow  Perceived usefulness of sports
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Behavioral involve- ment in sportsshow  Passive involvement in sports
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Knowledge about sportsshow  Passive involvement in sports
Little satisfaction received from sportsshow  Satisfaction with sporting
Occupational prestigeshow  Social prestige of occupation
Participation in voluntary associationsshow  Attendance to meetings
Playing sportsshow  Active involvement in sports
Reading sports pageshow  Passive involvement in sports
Satisfaction from sportsshow  Satisfaction with sporting
Sports seen as a waste of timeshow  Perceived usefulness of sports
Sports seen as a wayto relaxshow  Perceived usefulness of sports
Sports seen as help against worries and pressures of the dayshow  Perceived usefulness of sports
Subscribe/read sports magazinesshow  Passive involvement in sports
Talking about sportsshow  Passive involvement in sports
Watching sportsshow  Passive involvement in sports