Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2005a): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleHappiness is Hardship.
SourceBruni, L.;Porta, P.L.:"Economics and Happiness", Oxford University Press, 2005, UK, 243 - 266
PublicAdults, general public, 55 nations, 1990s
 Argentinia, Armenia, Australia, Azerbajjan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia, Brazil, Bulgary, Chili, China, Colombia, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Georgia, West Germany, East Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Nigeria, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Puero Rico, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, USA.
 The 1990s
Survey nameNot available
 Data taken from: World Database of Happiness, States of Nations, both data on happiness in nations and data on societal characteristics of nations
SampleMixed samples
 Non probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =75000
 Estimate: sample sizes vary from 1000 to 2000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead? 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 not very satisfied 1 not at all satisfied - Don't know
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Homicide rateN07ab02Crime on nation
Income inequalityN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
Sudden CrisisE03afMajor events in era
Time pressureN08ab04aPace of life in nation
Time pressureT01ab03Perceived time-pressure, also classified as above ↑