Findings on happiness in Mutz (2015): study ZZ Various nation sets 2006

Author(s)Mutz, M.
TitleChristmas and Subjective Well-Being: a Research Note.
SourceApplied Research in Quality of Life, 2015, Published Online, 1 - 26
Public15+ aged, general public, 11 EU nations, 2006-2013
Last assesment2013
 2006/2007 wave 3; 2012/2013 wave 6.
Survey nameEU-European Social Survey
 ESS waves 3 and 6.
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Pooled samples wave 3 and 6.
Respondents N =2057
 At least 50 interviews in any country.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: computer assisted (CAPI)
 except Slovakia where Paper and Pencil approach (PAPI) was chosen.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication23, 11
RemarksLowest Hungary: M = 5,52; highest Sweden: M = 7,85.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.192.19

Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: How much of the time during the past week did you feel ? A depressed B happy C lonely D enjoyed life E sad F a lot of energy G anxious H calm and peaceful Rated 1 none or almost none of the time 2 some of the time 3 most of the time 4 all or almost all of the time Computation: (B+D+F+H) - (A+C+E+G)
Author's labelEmotional Well-being
Page in publication23, 11
RemarksLowest Hungary: M = 0,48; highest Ireland: M = 1,51
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -3 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Children at homeshow  Children in the household
Christian denominationshow  Current religious denomination
Christians low/high religiousnessshow  Self-definition as religious
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Level of educationshow  Current education
Pre-Post-Christmas Interviewshow  Moment of the interview
R2show  Various combinations of current conditions
Subjective healthshow  Satisfaction with health
Unemploymentshow  Unemployment in nation