Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2005c): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleIs Life getting Better? How Long and Happily Do People live in Modern Society?
SourceEuropean Psychologist, 2005, Vol. 10, 330 - 343
PublicAdults, general public, 90 nations, 1990s
 Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia, Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria ,Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgezigstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South-Africa, South-Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Survey nameNot available
 Data on happiness were drawn from the WorldValue Survey in 80 cases and from the Penn World Survey in 10 cases. Since difference in questions and framing might influence the results, the WVS countries were also analysed separately. The results did not change.
SampleMixed samples
 Non probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =100000
 Sample sizes vary between 1000 and 2000 per nation
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textHappy Life Years Life-expectancy in nations multiplied by 0-1 average happiness as assessed with survey questions type O-HL
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Purchasing power p/cN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)