Findings on happiness in Lewis et al. (2001): study GB 1999

Author(s)Lewis, C.A.; Joseph, S.; McCollam, P.
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Memorial University of NewFoundland Scale of Happiness.
SourcePsychological Reports, 2001, Vol. 88, 471 - 472
PublicUniversity Students, Northern Ireland, 1999
 University of Ulster at Coleraine ( 7 men and 45 women between 19- 44 years old)
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =52
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 25 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt sad B I felt I had failed as a person C I felt dissatisfied with my life D I felt mentally alert E I felt disappointed with myself F I felt cheerful G I felt life wasn't worth living H I felt satisfied with my life I I felt healthy J I felt life crying K I felt I had been successful L I felt happy M I felt I couldn't make decisions N I felt unattractive O I felt optimistic about the future P I felt life was rewording Q I felt cheerless R I felt life has a purpose S I felt too tired to do anything T I felt pleased with the way I am U I felt lethargic V I found it easy to make decisions W I felt life was enjoyable X I felt life was meaningless Y I felt run down Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y. Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W. Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39 Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
Author's labelDepression- Happioness Scale
Page in publication472
RemarksRange: 5.0- 72.0
Error estimatesCronbach Alpha .95
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 75On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation12.76

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
MUNSH Negative Affectshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
MUNSH Negative Affectshow  Current typical moods, also classified as above ↑
MUNSH Negative Experiencesshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
MUNSH Positive Affectshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
MUNSH Positive Affectshow  Current typical moods, also classified as above ↑
MUNSH Positive Experiencesshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
MUNSH total scaleshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories