Findings on happiness in Frijters et al. (2004a): study DE 1991 /1

Author(s)Frijters, P.; Haisken-DeNew, J.P.; Shields, M.A.
TitleMoney does Matter! Evidence from Increasing Real Income and Life Satisfaction in East Germany following Reunification.
SourceThe American Economic Review, 2004, Vol. 94, 730 - 740
Public21-64 aged general public, East Germany, 1991-2001
Last assesment2001
Survey nameDE-SOEP combined waves
 SOEP 1991-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =3086
 Number of observations in 1991; total number of observations not reported
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Page in publication731
RemarksMean for 1991.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Differences in incomeshow  Change in income level
Disabilityshow  Disability
Disabilityshow  Handicapped persons in household, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Current employment status
Employment statusshow  Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  In/out maternity leave, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Not in labour force, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusshow  Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Houshold incomeshow  Change in income level
Living on the border of East/West Germanyshow  Region in Germany
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Marital statusshow  Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
Marital statusshow  Vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Meansshow  Sex (male vs female)
Meansshow  Trend happiness in males /females, also classified as above ↑
Number of childerenshow  Dependent persons in household
Number of childerenshow  Number of children, also classified as above ↑