Findings on happiness in Frijters et al. (2004a): study DE 1991 /1

Author(s)Frijters, P.; Haisken-DeNew, J.P.; Shields, M.A.
TitleMoney does Matter! Evidence from Increasing Real Income and Life Satisfaction in East Germany following Reunification.
SourceThe American Economic Review, 2004, Vol. 94, 730 - 740
Public21-64 aged general public, East Germany, 1991-2001
Last assesment2001
Survey nameDE-SOEP combined waves
 SOEP 1991-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =3086
 Number of observations in 1991; total number of observations not reported
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Page in publication731
RemarksMean for 1991.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Differences in incomeI01aa02aChange in income level
DisabilityH20ac01bHandicapped persons in household, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab05In/out maternity leave, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab04Not in labour force, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Houshold incomeI01aa02aChange in income level
Living on the border of East/West GermanyR01ab10Region in Germany
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital statusM02aa03Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa04Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
MeansG01aaSex (male vs female)
MeansE03ab01bbTrend happiness in males /females, also classified as above ↑
Number of childerenH20ac01aDependent persons in household
Number of childerenC03ab01Number of children, also classified as above ↑