Findings on happiness in Paul & Guilbert (2013): study AU 2001

Author(s)Paul, S.; Guilbert, D.
TitleIncome-Happiness Paradox in Australia: Testing the Theories of Adaptation and Social Comparison.
SourceEconomic Modeling, 2013, Vol. 30, 900 - 910
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2005
Last assesment2005
Survey nameAU-HILDA combined waves
 HILDA 2001-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =8530
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life? Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are. 0 totally dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 totally satisfied
Page in publication901
RemarksMean: - 2001: 7.99 - 2002: 7.91 - 2003: 7.98 - 2004: 7.95 - 2005: 7.89
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Educational degreeshow  Level of school-education
Employment statusshow  Not in labour force
Employment statusshow  Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Health statusshow  Self-perceived health
Incomeshow  Earlier level of income
Incomeshow  Personal income, also classified as above ↑
Indiginousshow  Ethnic status in Australia
Living in cityshow  Rural vs urban dwelling
Marital statusshow  Married vs never married
Marital status parentsshow  Number of parents (broken home)
Reference incomeshow  Relative to similar people
Trend in Australiashow  Trend happiness in Australia
Volunteeringshow  Voluntary work
Work hoursshow  Hours work