Findings on happiness in Gall et al. (1997): study CA Ontario 1981

Author(s)Gall, T.L.; Evans, D.R.; Howard, J.
TitleThe Retirement Adjustment Process: Changes in the Well-Being of Male Retirees across Time.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1997, Vol.52b, 110 - 117
PublicMale retirees, Canada, followed 6-7 years, 1981-1988
 Residents of London, Ontario. 65% previously white-collar workers; 45,3% current income > $20.000 per year; 3,6% reported < $ 10.000 in the past year.
Last assesment1988
 T1: 2 to 4 months pre-retirement; T2: 1 year post-retirement; T3: 6-7 years post-retirement
Survey nameNot available
 Retirement Research Study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Recruited from personnel departments of major organisations and through the media
Respondents N =224
Non Response47,8%
 Attrition at T3 due to failure to respond: 26,3%; refusal to participate: 9,3% ; unable to be located: 4,9% and death: 7,1%. Non-respondents at T3 did not differ in T1 health and demographic variables.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 T1 pre-retirement, T2 1 years post retirement, T3 6-7 years post retirement
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication112
RemarksT1 (2 to 4 pre-retirement) M=2,12; SD=0,52; T2 (1 year post-retirement) M=2,20; SD=0,50; T3 (6-7 years postretirement M=2,22; SD=0,50
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.50

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Adjustmentshow  Change in retirement status