Findings on happiness in Janz et al. (2001): study US Michigan 1996

Author(s)Janz, N.; Dodge, J.A.; Janevic, M.R.
TitleFactors Influencing Quality of Life in Older Women With Heart Disease.
SourceMEDICAL CARE, 2001, V ol. 39, 588 - 598 ,
PublicMedical Patients, Michigan, United States, followed 1 year, 199?
 Older (>=60) female heart patients, diagnosed cardiac disease, treated daily by at least one heart medication, and seen by a physician at least everey 6 months.
Collect period12 months
 T1: baseline interview; T2: follow-up interview after 12 months
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Respondents selected from 45 physician practices and clinics from 6 large medical centres in S.E.-Michigan. Participants were randomly assigned to the "Women take pride"-program or to usual-care control group. This disease management program was intended for women experiencing limitations on a daily basis due to their heart disease. 50% of the sample were 70-80 years of age at T1; 12% were 80 years or older. 87% were white, 51% were married, over one third reported living alone. 79% had graduated from hig school, 5% had less than 8th grade education. Mean co-morbidity was 2.62, the mean of heart related problems was 3.77. The experimental group reported taking significantly more heart medications and reported a larger number of symptoms compared with the control group.
Respondents N =570
 T1: n=570; T2: n=485 At T2 85 patients had died or withdrawn. Those who withdrew (n=66;11%) from the study tended to be older, nonwhite and had no more than high schooleducation. Those who died (n=22); 4%) tended to be older, reported more symptoms and were more bothered by these symptoms. No significant differences between the dropout or death rate between intervention and control groups.
Non Response52%
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
General remarksYear of data gathering not reportyed, estimated 1996.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How have things been going for you during the past 4 weeks? 4 very well 3 pretty good 3 good and bad parts about equal 2 pretty bad 1 bad
Author's labelOverall quality of life
Page in publication591
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.08

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Biological and physiological dimensionsshow  Earlier physical health
Biological and physiological dimensionsshow  Ischaemic heart diseases (i20-25), also classified as above ↑
Biological and physiological dimensionsshow  Number of health complaints, also classified as above ↑
Characteristics of personshow  Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Earlier quality of lifeshow  Actual changes in happiness
Functional statusshow  Current functional health
General health perceptionsshow  Self-perceived health
Perceived stress levelshow  Relaxed (vs stressful)
Satisfaction with physical activitiesshow  Satisfaction with physical activity
Satisfaction with social activitiesshow  Change in attitudes
Satisfaction with social activitiesshow  Change in total social participation, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with social activitiesshow  Satisfaction with one's appearance, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with social activitiesshow  Satisfaction with social participation, also classified as above ↑
Social and psycholological supportsshow  Current social support received
Symptom statusshow  Symptoms of bad health
Value preferencesshow  Domain-specific value-preferences