Findings on happiness in Liu et al. (2015a): study GB 1996

Author(s)Liu, B.; Floud, S.; Pirie, K.
TitleDoes Happiness Itself directly affect Mortality? The prospective UK Million Women Study.
SourceThe Lancet, 2015
DOIdoi: 10.1016/50140-6736(15)01222-2
PublicFemale, aged 50-69, United Kingdom, 1996-2001
 Women recruited through the national Breast Screening Programmes of England and Scotland.
Collect period1996
Last collect period2001
Survey nameNot available
 Million Women Study, UK
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 From 1996-2001 1.3 million women were recruited through the National Breast Screening Programmes of England and Scotland.
Respondents N =1300000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 At recruitment, and every 3-5 years subsequently women were posted a quaestionnaire asking about sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and health.
General remarksStudy also reported in: Liu et al. Does happiness itself directly affect mortality? The prospective UK million women study. The Lancet 2016, vol. 387: 874-881.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How often do you feel happy? 4 most of the time 3 usually 2 sometimes 1 rarely/never
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication2
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Alcoholshow  Use of alcohol
Arthritisshow  Rheumatism (m00-25)
Asthmashow  Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Body mass indexshow  Body Mass Index (BMI)
Cancershow  Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48)
Chronic obstructive lung diseaseshow  Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Depression or anxietyshow  Expert ratings of mental health
Depression or anxietyshow  Mental and behavioral disorders (f00-99), also classified as above ↑
Deprivation tertileshow  Relative resources
Diabetesshow  Diabetes (e10-14)
Heart diseaseshow  Ischaemic heart diseases (i20-25)
High blood pressureshow  Diseases of circulatory system (i00-99)
Highest qualificationshow  Current education
Living w. partner and parityshow  Children in the household
Living w. partner and parityshow  Married state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Mortally illshow  Expected longevity
Participation in group activitiesshow  Current total social participation
Region of residenceshow  Region in UK
Self rated healthshow  Self-perceived health
Sleep durationshow  Amount of sleep
Smokingshow  Current use of stimulants
Smokingshow  Earlier use of stimulants, also classified as above ↑
Smokingshow  Use of tobacco, also classified as above ↑
Strenuous exerciseshow  Current leisure activity
Strokeshow  Stroke (i64)