Findings on happiness in Liu et al. (2015a): study GB 1996

Publication
Author(s)Liu, B.; Floud, S.; Pirie, K.
TitleDoes Happiness Itself directly affect Mortality? The prospective UK Million Women Study.
SourceThe Lancet, 2015
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/287372772_Does_happiness_itself_directly_affect_mortality_The_prospective_UK_Million_Women_Study
DOIdoi: 10.1016/50140-6736(15)01222-2
Investigation
PublicFemale, aged 50-69, United Kingdom, 1996-2001
 Women recruited through the national Breast Screening Programmes of England and Scotland.
Collect period1996
Last collect period2001
Survey nameNot available
 Million Women Study, UK
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 From 1996-2001 1.3 million women were recruited through the National Breast Screening Programmes of England and Scotland.
Respondents N =1300000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 At recruitment, and every 3-5 years subsequently women were posted a quaestionnaire asking about sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and health.
General remarksStudy also reported in: Liu et al. Does happiness itself directly affect mortality? The prospective UK million women study. The Lancet 2016, vol. 387: 874-881.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How often do you feel happy? 4 most of the time 3 usually 2 sometimes 1 rarely/never
ClassificationM-TH-u-sq-v-4-d
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication2
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
Scores in1234
%1.016.044.039.0

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Alcoholshow  Use of alcohol
Arthritisshow  Rheumatism (m00-25)
Asthmashow  Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Body mass indexshow  Body Mass Index (BMI)
Cancershow  Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48)
Chronic obstructive lung diseaseshow  Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Depression or anxietyshow  Expert ratings of mental health
Depression or anxietyshow  Mental and behavioral disorders (f00-99), also classified as above ↑
Deprivation tertileshow  Relative resources
Diabetesshow  Diabetes (e10-14)
Heart diseaseshow  Ischaemic heart diseases (i20-25)
High blood pressureshow  Diseases of circulatory system (i00-99)
Highest qualificationshow  Current education
Living w. partner and parityshow  Children in the household
Living w. partner and parityshow  Married state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Mortally illshow  Expected longevity
Participation in group activitiesshow  Current total social participation
Region of residenceshow  Region in UK
Self rated healthshow  Self-perceived health
Sleep durationshow  Amount of sleep
Smokingshow  Current use of stimulants
Smokingshow  Earlier use of stimulants, also classified as above ↑
Smokingshow  Use of tobacco, also classified as above ↑
Strenuous exerciseshow  Current leisure activity
Strokeshow  Stroke (i64)